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tv   News  Al Jazeera  May 18, 2014 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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>> more anger in vietnam as thousands ever chinese nationals leave the country. welcome to al jazeera, live from doha. also ahead - a rare apology from officials in north korea after a 23-storey apartment block collapses. hundreds feared dead. the race against time to rescue survivors from bloods in the balkans that killed 25. a famous film festival shows
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a film of life in war-torn africa. china moved 3,000 of its citizens out of vietnam, followi following riots in which at least two have been killed. police broke up an anti-china riot. china's decision to drill for oil in disputed waters caused widespread anger in vietnam. adrian brown is in beijing. >> reporter: i think the fact that china is sending in warships to evacuate nationals is a measure of how serious this crisis has become. the first of the warships is due to arrive in vietnam in the early hours of monday morning. the other vessels will follow. each vessel, we understand, can accommodate 2,000 people.
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potentially we are looking at the evacuation of around about 10,000 chinese nationals. the last time we would have seep an evacuation of foreign nationals would have been when the united states began a speedy withdrawal from vietnam before the fall of psychoon in april -- saigon in 1979. 3,000 foreign nationals have been evacuated, after chinese businesses - in fact, any symbols of china - were attacked by mobs in the north, south and center of the country. in all, 22 out of vietnam's 23 provinces saw some of the worst violence. authorities have been doing what they can to but a lid on the protest. there was a small demonstration in hanoi, broken up by the authorities, journalists and protesters pushed away. china is appealing to vietnam to
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do more to protect the nationals. we see no counter demonstrations in china. the reason for that is simple. the chinese don't want spontaneous gatherings on the streets as the tensive june 4th anniversary approaches. china has disputes with two other nations, and i don't think to its people it wants to be seen as the bad boy on the block. celebrations have exposed a deep difficultation. the deposit has been holding a victory parade. commemorations for the tamil tigers have been broken up. survivors say the suffering is far from over. they sent this report from the northern city. the mark of the million, warn by old married tam ill women. this woman wore hers since her marriage to the lad are of the
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tamil tigers, who waged a war against the sri lankan government. today she and these women don't know where their husbands are. they say they surrendered to the military on the last day of the war. >> they loaded everywhere - not just one by one, all the fighters were taken after mediation by a priest. there were three bus loads of them. >> reporter: this is an elected member of the northern provincial council. >> translation: we don't want compensation, houses or property. give us our rights. that's all we ask. >> military spokesman told al jazeera that such cases should be reported to the presidential commission on missing persons, which could make app informed did you suggest on each case. questions about those that disappeared during and after the war are overshadowing the development drive in the north and east. the government spent billions of dollars on roads and facilities,
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the development attracting tamil experts like this man who owns the biggest hotel in sri lanka. >> here almost every house has someone outside. if you look at the long-term future, there's an inflow of money. consumer strength. there's consumer strength. definitely once the police comms, it will grow. despite the positive developments, there are divisions on how the country should mark the end of the war. the government should ban any government event to remember the tam ill tigers or civilians in the war. on friday they crack down on an event to remember the dead. >> i think in the last few months we feel again that the tamilians are treated again as a terrorist. >> the editor of the outspoken newspaper says there cannot be true piece without the government sharing power with the tamil community. >> rebuilding the railway line
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linking north and south is a vital development of the programme. many tamil say the issue of missing loved one, senior fighters, is an obstacle to building links between the community. dozens wait for news of their missing husbands and hope the mark of the million is not worn in vain. north korea has offered a rare apology to people whose relatives were killed after an apartment building collapsed. the official newsagency says irresponsible supervision by officials were to blame. it doesn't specify how many were to blame, only that it happened. 92 families were living in the 23-storey building. >> this is a career analyst and journalist, joining us from seoul. good to have you with us, to try
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to make assistance of this. firstly, what do you make of these public apologies by north korean authorities. why is this reported on by state media, when it doesn't usually report anything of the sort, anything so negative. >> spread. firstly, let's take it on face value that there's an an accident, a building collapse of a 20-odd story building in pyongyang. one of north korea's - the only real affluent city, a desirable place to live. after all, in represent weeks, there has been a number of high profile accidents, not least in south korea, with the capsizing of the ferry, if, indeed, there was an accident. then perhaps the north is sending us a message, as well as its own people, and there we
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have to break down with a little more analysis, because in terms of a message to its open people, if it is admitting a flaw in its public infrastructure to its own affluent, powerful elite base in the city of pyongyang, perhaps it's aiming to bedray the leader kim jong un -- betray its leader kim jong un as a caring leader. reports saying that he stayed up through the night and was deeply upset after being told of the news, and have moved towards the irresponsible construction. maybe they fear unrest. if we look further than that, and the global implications, especially considering this report has been in the english language, it's a key indicator of a global message. perhaps it's aimed at causing unrest in south korea, where the people have been angry about the government's slow response to
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that ferry disaster last month, and maybe they are trying to provoke unrest by the comparison of the caring quick-acting north korean leadership. it's difficult to say, you could never be certain. maybe there is a dual message, but we can't ignore it. >> are you saying, let's assume, take it at face value that the collapse took place. is there a chance that north korea could be fabricating this, is that what you mean, and if so, why would they do that? >> well, if the former reason is out of the equation, if we are not talking about trying to apiece potentially disrupted locals, and remember again anyone in pyongyang is generally considered to be loyal to the state, is there because they are not posing any kind of threat, and the second they do pose a threat. their status as residents would come under question.
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if we take that out of the equation, we are talking about a global message. again, we've had to the ferry disaster in south korea. subsequently we >> demanding a change, they may view it as an opportunity, betraying kim jong un as a caring leader, north korea as acting quickly, they might feel
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that that would have been the remedy, or at least an opportunity to capitalize. you know, again we are in the realms of speculation, and maybe this was a building collapse in north korea, and this is an appropriate response in their eyes. it seems very convenient as far as the timing is concerned. no one in south korea wants to see what may be reported, 100 dead in north korea. our sympathies go out to those affected. >> thank you, that's north korea analyst and journalist alex jensen joining us from seoul. thank you very much. in south korea around 10,000 people held a candlelight vigil for the victims of the ferry disaster. it demanded that those responsible be punished. 285 were killed when the ferry capsized, many of whom were high school students. in libya the army imposed a
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no-fly zone over the eastern city of benghazi, following violence on friday, following forces led by an army general and religious fighters. the ministry of health's many were killed. fighters loyal to the former general were accused of carrying out a coup. at least 25 have been killed in the ball caps after one of the worst -- balkans after one of the worst flooding. record waters forced rivers to burst their bank in bosnia and and h, rzegovner. >> reporter: the worst floods. 10,000 waited for rescue as the waters of the river surged across flood defenses. inundating three cities in its
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path. air force helicopters plucked stranded residents from rooftops, winching aboard another pressure cargo. following the rains, the landslides. scores died. a death toll expected to rise. local schools and sport centers were filled with thousands who had lost their homes in this once in a century disaster. >> translation: we left the car behind, motorcycle and chainsaw and all the valuables, we grabbed our mobile phones and ran. >> some endured a long wait for news of missing relatives. >> last time i spoke to my uncle was yesterday. since then there has been no information. i don't know where he is, i know it's cold and wet with no electricity. i have nop communication request him or the rest of my family. >> reporter: outside the serbian
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up to, along the banks of the river, there's a sense of urge say as emergency teams are deployed in last-minute work, preparing defenses. even prisoners from the local gaol volunteered to work, as experts predict a new flood wave mogg down river is expected to strike on sunday still ahead - how a kenyan community remains united after a series of church attacks. easing the burden - philippines acting to bring down power costs for a country squeezed by prices.
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good to have you with us. these are the top stories on al jazeera. china said it stopped all bilateral programs with vietnam. the move followed days of riots in which two people had been killed. china evacuated 3,000 citizens from vietnam by air and sea. the balkans experienced the worst flooding in more than a century. at least 25 have been killed, and tens of thousands left their homes. rivers burst their banks across serb and herzegovina. north korea offered a rare apology to people who lost relatives after an apartment building collapsed. state media offered no further details. 93 families from living in the
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building. an opposition leader was detained and arrested for violence in darfur. there are forwards his arrest will increase political tensions. now, the husband of a pregnant sued niece women sentenced to death for aposta sis said he will appeal the ruling. she was convicted for agentededly abandoning islam for christianity. a court rules she should be hanged in a community of muslims and christians that lived side by side, and have done so for years. an attack on a church in 2012 shocked the country. we visited the town to see how they recovered. >> reporter: this pastour described the horror of what happened. attackers armed with
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machine-guns opened fire on an inland church, killing 15 worshippers. another church nearby was attacked with handgrenades. the pastor was not here, arriving 7 months later when no one else would agree to lead the church. >> before, the number used to be 200 plus worshippers who used to come to the church. now the number has redooffed. when -- reduced. when i came, i found around 70 members who attended the church. now the numbers are growing up. it's around 150. this has a majority muslim population, close to the border and historically muslims and christians lived in peace. no one claimed responsibility for the church attacks. many blamed somali islamic armed group al-shabab.
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kenyan forces entered somalia to fight al-shabab in 2011. >> there could be a link, maybe it creates desharmony within the society. maybe creating animosity between the two. that has not been attained. >> muslim leaders say the people will not be persuaded to hate their neighbours. >> you'll never find the way muslims and christians are living anywhere in the world. we have meetings. if anything happens, we consult one another. the majority of the people in this town are muslims. it is the responsibility of the muslims to protect the non-muslims, because they are living here. that is a religious responsibility. >> reporter: churches here have increased security and as the number of worshippers attending
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services are not what it was before the attacks, those that come to pray are determined to resist outside attempts to divide their community. wav can leaders pledged to work together to wage total war on boko haram. the meeting in paris was healed in response to the -- held in response to the nigerian armed kidnapping of hundreds of school girls. the government failed to come up with strategy despite strong words from the president of cameroon. >> the problem with boko haram is it no longer is only a nij ear jan issue, it's a regional problem, if not for the whole of africa. we declare war on boko haram. there has been a battle between the army and separatists. the fighting on saturday happened as a new prime minister visited the region in a bid to
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revive peace talks. demonstrations were held to protest against the prime minister's visit. people in the philippines face some of the biggest electricity bills in all of abia. the average family spends a quarter of its monthly earnings on power. there are efforts to bring prices down, as we report. >> reporter: this will be the largest solar facility in the county when completed in a few months. it will have over 88,000 panels covering 38,000 hectares of farmland. [ clapping ] >> reporter: at its inauguration president aquino said the project is set to make history. >> it's a shining example of steps we are taking. the fruits of our efforts to ensure future generations will not be subject to the same vulnerabilities as we are now. >> the demand for a shift to
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renewable energy highlighted several disasters that battered the region, cutting off power in many areas, for months. the plant may be able to provide for more than a million people in central philippines. it remains to be seen how it can reduce electricity bills in a country with an expensive power race in asia: this is why he is skeptical. he makes around $150,000. he opted not to. he can't afford a bigger electricity bill. >> translation: a quarter of my monthly salary goes to electricity. i hope itteeses our -- it eases our burden. >> reporter: the philippines has pour pegged to high prices. countries like malaysia and
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indonesia has lower prices because of government subsidies. the philippines does not. after work began on the nuclear power plant north of manila, it is dormant and never produced a watt of power. the government denies the country is going through a power crisis, blackouts occur all the time. in the southern regions, power outages last up to 12 hours a day. this puts a strain on the country's economy. the government says it will replace costly oil imports with home-grown renewable energy. making the switch will take a large amount of money and time. snoop voters in voters in switzerland have less than an hour to decide whether to increase the minimum wage. it will set the rate at $25.
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as we report from zurich, they are expected to reject the proposal. >> reporter: on the shores of lake suric, the restaurant is one of many businesses that opened up in recent years. employees earnt around $3, 700. the owners say they can't afford to pay people more. >> the question we ask ourselves is if the customer would be ready to pay the price. when we have to pay for that, we have to put up the prices for a coffee. >> reporter: many european nations struggle with unemployment and debt, switzerland, which is not in the e.u. is an island of prosperity. with unemployment at only 4%. the debate over the referendum exposed the reality that not everyone is enjoying the benefits. >> this is how most people get around on the tram.
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a single ticket costs about $5. there may be lower taxes, but the high cost of food, rent and insures make this one -- insurance make this one of the most expensive countries in the world to live. life can be difficult. many people who live here are migrant workers, paid less than the proposed minimum wage. although small businesses like this have to make cuts if it is introduced, most people agree it would be a fairer system. >> they hardly dan afford food or buy clothes. everything from year to year is more expensive. they need to get - everywhere needs a good salary. >> some politicians and business leaders say a yes vote leads to job cuts and companies employed abroad. switzerland's biggest trade union says it's square mongering. a minimum wage would benefit the country, not damage it.
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>> a lot of poem who don't make enough money have to go to the state and collect benefits and pay their rent, and that's basically taxpayers subsidising big companies who don't want to pay their employees enough. >> most of the polls suggest the minimum wage will be rejected. in the past the swiss took the employers's side in referendums. if the law is not posed, there'll be another referendum on a basic income for all swiss, whether they work or not. now, the syrian conflict came to the cannes film festival. a film compiling more than 1,000 internet clips is premiering at the festival. "silverwater" was directed by a syrian film-maker, shot by journalist in the one based in
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homs. we have the story. [ gun fire ] >> reporter: these images emerge from syria on a daily basis. on the news, on tv screens, and now on the big screen here at the cannes film festival. "silvered water" was directed from afar. its syria maker cut together 1,000 internet videos from exile in paris. one day he was talking to a people i will online at homs, asking "what would you film if you were here?" he told her. and this is the result. i start to feel back into syria, that this virtual woint became very real, deep, beautiful. she became my homeland, and after - yes, for me.
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it is a metaphor for syria. >> reporter: this is a movie bringing the viewer closer to the daily horrors of life in a war-torn country, featuring scenes of rape, death. also resilience. you're going back to syria? >> yes. >> are you scared? >> even if i die there... >> these are people that lost everything, except their dignity. she carries with her a bag of soil wherever she goes, a piece of homs. . >> reporter: it's important to have a piece with you at all times. >> the message is the broken theme. there is no language, there is no way to describe what i feel.
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>> reporter: her house no longer stands, her home will never leave her. that story and the rest of our day's news can be found on the website. hi, i'm lisa fletcher, and you are in "stream", we're here to talk about why the global fight for one of the most intelligent animals isn't over year. and why are the u.s. and russia the only countries in the world who's militaries use dolphins? are questions of ethics changing as public expectations shift in the wake of the cove and black fish? we discuss rig n